Chandrayaan, series of Indian lunar space probes. Chandrayaan-1 (chandrayaan is Hindi for "moon craft") was the first lunar space probe of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and found water on the Moon. It mapped the Moon in infrared, visible, and X-ray light from lunar orbit and used reflected radiation to prospect for various elements, minerals, and ice. It operated in 2008–09. Chandrayaan-2, which launched in 2019, was designed to be ISRO’s first lunar lander.
Chandrayaan-1, India's first mission to Moon, was launched successfully on October 22, 2008, from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota. The spacecraft was orbiting around the Moon at a height of 100 km from the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical, and photo-geologic mapping of the Moon. The spacecraft carried 11 scientific instruments built in India, the USA, UK, Germany, Sweden, and Bulgaria.