List of Nobel Prize Winners 2019 List of Nobel Prize Winners 2019

List of Nobel Prize Winners 2019List of Nobel Prize Winners 2019

Click here to other Kerala PSC Study notes.

The Nobel Prizes are awarded annually from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Bernhard Nobel. They are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards given for intellectual achievement in the world and are conferred in six categories: physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, peace, and economics.

Subject Nobel Laureates Research Work
Medicine William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Britain’s Peter Ratcliffe Awarded for Discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, paving the way for new cancer treatments.
Chemistry John B Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham, and Akira Yoshino Awarded for developing the lithium-ion batteries. These batteries are today used in everyday items; from mobile phones to remote controls and even electric vehicles.
Physics <>Canadian-American cosmologist James Peebles and Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz <>Awarded for theoretical discoveries that have contributed to our understanding of how the universe evolved after the Big Bang.
Literature Polish author Olga Tokarczuk and Austrian novelist Peter Handke Awarded for their outstanding work in the field of literature
Peace Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Awarded for ending 20 years of hostility with neighboring Eritrea.
Economics Indian-American Abhijit Banerjee, his wife Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer Awarded for an experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.
Click here to search study notes. Click here to view all Kerala PSC Study notes. Click here to read PSC Question Bank by Category wise. Click here to Test your knowledge by atteneding Quiz.

Oscar Award 2017.


Best Picture : 'Moonlight' by Adele Romanski, Dede Gardner and Jeremy Kleiner .

Best Actress in a Leading Role : Emma Stone for 'La La Land'.

Best Actor in a Leading Role : Casey Affleck for 'Manchester By The Sea'.

Best Director : Damien Chazelle for 'La La Land'.

Best Adapted Screenplay : Barry Jenkins and Tarell Alvin McCraney for 'Moonlight'.

Best Original Screenplay : Kenneth Lonergan for 'Manchester By The Sea'.

Best Original Song : 'City Of Stars' from 'La La Land' by Justin Hurwitz, Benj Pasek and Justin Paul.

Best Original Score : Justin Hurwitz for 'La La Land'.

Best Cinematography : Linus Sandgren for 'La La Land'.

Best Live Action Short : 'Sing' by Kristof Deak and Anna Udvardy.

Best Documentary Short : 'The White Helmets' by Orlando Von Einsiedel and Joanna Natasegara.


Goods and Service Tax (GST)


Goods and Service Tax (GST) launched on 30th June from midnight. GST is the biggest tax reform in India and can be beneficial for the Indian Economy. According to the Govt. of India, the GST must help India to fight against corruption and black money. It is a ‘Good and Simple’ tool through which the people of every sector of India including the poor can get benefited. Goods and Services Tax (GST) is an indirect tax (or consumption tax) used in India on the supply of goods and services. It is a comprehensive, multistage, destination-based tax: comprehensive because it has subsumed almost all the indirect taxes except a few state taxes. .

Multi-staged as it is, the GST is imposed at every step in the production process but is meant to be refunded to all parties in the various stages of production other than the final consumer and as a destination-based tax, it is collected from point of consumption and not point of origin like previous taxes.



നിറങ്ങളും രാസഘടകങ്ങളും. സസ്യങ്ങളും ശാസ്ത്രീയ നാമവും


നിറങ്ങളും രാസഘടകങ്ങളും തക്കാളി : ലൈക്കോപ്പിൻ .
കുങ്കുമം : ബിക് സിൻ.
പുഷ്പം : ആന്തോസയാനിൻ.
ഇലകൾ : ക്ലോറോഫിൽ.
മഞ്ഞൾ : കുരക്കുമിൻ.
കാരറ്റ് : കരോട്ടിൻ.
ഇലകളിലെ മഞ്ഞനിറം : സാന്തോഫിൽ.

സസ്യങ്ങളും ശാസ്ത്രീയ നാമവും  .

ചുവന്നുള്ളി : അല്ലിയം സെപ.
ചന്ദനം : സന്റാലം ആൽബം.
കുരുമുളക് : പെപ്പർ നെഗ്രം.
കസ്തൂരി മഞ്ഞൾ : കുരക്കു മ അരോമാറ്റിക്ക.