Profit and Loss Formulas Profit and Loss Formulas

Profit and Loss FormulasProfit and Loss Formulas

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Profit and loss is the one of major question section in Competitive exams. These formulas will be helpful for your upcoming Exams like PSC, SSC, IBPS and Other Competitive Exams. 

  • Cost Price(CP) : The Price at which a particular item purchased, is called its Cost Price.
  • Selling Price (SP): The price at which a particular item is sold, called its Selling Price.
  • Profit: If Selling Price of an item is more than Cost Price , then vendor is said to have a Profit.
  • Loss: if Selling Price of an item is less than Cost Price, the vendor said to have a Loss.


  • Profit = SP – CP
  • Profit % = Profit/(CP)×100
  • SP = ((100+Profit% )/100)×CP
  • CP = (100/(100+Profit%))×SP

  • Loss = CP – SP
  • Loss% = Loss/(CP)×100
  • SP = ((100-loss%)/100)×CP
  • CP = (100/(100-loss%))×SP


1. The cost price of 40 apples is the same as the selling price of 25 apples. Find the gain percent.




2. A Table was purchased for Rs. 470 and sold at a profit of 10%. Find the selling price.


=(100+10)/100 X 470


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