List of Indian satellites List of Indian satellites

List of Indian satellitesList of Indian satellites

Click here to other Kerala PSC Study notes.

India has been successfully launching satellites of various types since 1975. Apart from Indian rockets, these satellites have been launched from various vehicles, including American, Russian, and European rockets sometimes as well. The organization responsible for India's space program is the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and it shoulders the bulk of the responsibility of designing, building, launching, and operating these satellites.

The list of various satellites of India is given below. Questions related to Indian Satellites also available.

Year Satellite Purpose
1975 Aryabhata First Indian Satellite..
1979 Bhaskara-I First experimental remote sensing satellite that carried TV and microwave cameras.
1979 Rohini Technology Payload The first Indian launch vehicle.
1980 Rohini RS-1 India’s first indigenous satellite launch.
1981 Rohini RS-D1 Launched by the first developmental launch of SLV-3 and carried a solid-state camera.
1981 Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment First experimental communication satellite.
1981 Bhaskara-II Second experimental remote sensing satellite.
1982 INSAT-1A First operational multipurpose communication and meteorology satellite.
1983 Rohini RS-D2
1983 INSAT-1B Revolutionized TV, radio, and telecommunications.
1987 SROSS-1 Less Accomplishment.
1988 IRS-1A Earth observation satellite.
1988 SROSS-2 Less Accomplishment.
1988 INSAT-1C Less Accomplishment.
1990 INSAT-1D Still operational.
1991 IRS-1B Earth observation satellite.
1992 SROSS-C Carried gamma-ray astronomy and aeronomy payload.
1992 INSAT-2DT It was launched as Arabsat 1C.
1992 INSAT-2A The first satellite in the second-generation Indian-built INSAT-2 series.
1993 INSAT-2B The second satellite in INSAT 2 series.
1993 IRS-1E Earth observation satellite.
1994 SROSS-C2 Less Accomplishment.
1994 IRS-P2 Earth observation satellite. Launched by the second developmental flight of PSLV.
1995 INSAT-2C Still in operation. Has television outreach beyond Indian boundaries.
1995 IRS-1C Earth observation satellite.
1994 IRS-P2 Earth observation satellite.
1996 IRS-P3 Earth observation satellite.
1997 INSAT-2D Inoperable since 1997-10-04 due to power bus anomaly.
1997 IRS-1D Earth observation satellite.
1999 INSAT-2E Multipurpose communication and meteorological satellite.
1999 IRS-P4 OCEANSAT Earth observation satellite carrying a Multifrequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer (MSMR)and an Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM).
2000 INSAT-3B Multipurpose communication satellite.
2001 GSAT-1 Experimental satellite for the first developmental flight of GSLV-D1.
2001 Technology Experiment Satellite (TES) Experimental satellite to test new reaction control system, high-torque reaction wheels, and attitude and orbit control system.
2001 INSAT-3C Designed to provide continuity of the services of INSAT-2C and augment the existing INSAT capacity for communication and broadcasting.
2002 Kalpana-1 (METSAT) First meteorological satellite built by Indian Space Research Organisation.
2003 INSAT-3A Multipurpose satellite for communication, broadcasting, and meteorological services along with and Kalpana-1 and INSAT-2E.
2003 GSAT-2 Experimental satellite for the 2nd developmental test flight of GSLV.
2003 INSAT-3E Communication satellite to augment the existing INSAT System
2003 RESOURCESAT-1 (IRS-P6) Most advanced Remote Sensing Satellite
2004 EDUSAT (GSAT-3) India’s first satellite exclusively for education
2005 HAMSAT Microsatellite for radio services to the national and international community
2005 CARTOSAT-1 Earth observation satellite
2005 INSAT-4A Direct-to-home(DTH) TV broadcasting
2006 INSAT-4C Geosynchronous communications satellite
2007 CARTOSAT-2 Remote sensing satellite-carrying panchromatic camera
2007 Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1) Test satellites to show an orbiting platform for performing tests in microgravity conditions
2007 INSAT-4B Similar to INSAT-4A
2007 INSAT-4CR Identical to INSAT-4C
2008 CARTOSAT-2A Similar to CARTOSAT-2
2008 IMS-1 Low-cost micro-satellite
2008 Chandrayaan-1 India’s first lunar probe
2009 RISAT-2 Radar imaging satellite
2009 ANUSAT Research Microsatellite developed by Anna University
2009 Oceansat-2 Collects oceanographic, coastal, and atmospheric data
2010 GSAT-4 Communications satellite technology. failed mission
2010 CARTOSAT-2B Earth observation/remote sensing satellite.
2010 GSAT-5P /INSAT-4D Mission failed
2011 RESOURCESAT-2 Remote-sensing satellite
2011 INSAT-4G C-band communication satellite
2011 Youthsat Indo-Russian stellar and atmospheric satellite
2011 GSAT-12 communication satellite
2011 Megha-Tropiques An indo-French collaborative effort to research on water cycle in the atmosphere
2012 RISAT-1 First indigenous all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite
2012 GSAT-10 advanced communication satellite
2013 SARAL The mission for oceanographic studies
2013 IRNSS-1A Seven spacecraft constituting the IRNSS space segment
2013 INSAT-3 Meteorological Satellite
2013 GSAT-7 Advanced multi-band communication satellite dedicated for military purpose
2013 Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) India’s first Mars orbiter
2014 GSAT-14 Geostationary communication satellite
2014 IRNSS-1B The second satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2014 IRNSS- 1C Third satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2014 GSAT-16 communication satellite
2014 IRNSS-1D Fourth satellites in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2014 GSAT-6 Communication satellite
2015 Astrosat India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space Observatory
2015 GSAT-15 Communications satellite, carries GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) payload
2016 IRNSS-1E Fifth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2016 IRNSS-1F Sixth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2016 IRNSS-1G Seventh and final satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
2016 CARTOSAT-2C Earth observation remote sensing satellite
2016 INSAT-3DR An advanced meteorological satellite of India configured with an imaging System and an Atmospheric Sounder.
2016 SCATSAT-1 Miniature satellite to give climate anticipating, tornado expectation, and tracking services to India.
2017 CARTOSAT-2D The highest number of satellites (104 satellites) launched by a single launch vehicle.
2018 CARTOSAT- 2F CartoSat-2F is the 6th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
2018 MICROSAT- TD This satellite is a technology demonstrator and the forerunner of future satellites.
2018 INS -1C This is the third satellite in the Indian Nanosatellite series, which carried a Miniature Multispectral Technology Demonstration (MMX-TD) Payload.
2018 GSAT- 6A This satellite is a high-power S-band communication satellite configured around I-2K bus.
2018 IRNSS -1I This satellite is the 6th in the series and facilitates GPS navigation.
2018 GSAT-29 This satellite facilitates high-throughput communication.
2018 HySYS It facilitates Hyperspectral imaging services for agriculture, forestry, and military applications.
2018 ExseedSat-1 1st privately funded satellite of India.
2018 GSAT-11 Heaviest spacecraft of India.
2018 GSAT-7A Facilitates services for the Indian Army and Air Force.
2019 Microsat-R This satellite facilitates Earth imaging for defense purposes.
2019 KalamSAT-V2 It is the world’s lightest satellite.
2019 GSAT-31 This is a high-throughput Telecommunication Satellite.
2019 EMISAT This facilitates Electromagnetic intelligence to track any enemy radars for the IAF.
2019 Chandrayaan-2 India’s second lunar exploration mission.
2019 Cartosat-3 Cartosat-3 is one of the optical satellites with the highest resolutions in the world.
2020 GSAT-30 GSAT-30 is the 41st communication satellite, to replace INSAT-4A. advanced telecommunication services to the entire Indian subcontinent.
2020 EOS-01 It is an earth observation satellite.

Questions related to Indian Satellites

  • ഇന്ത്യയിലെ ആദ്യ (വിദൂര സംവേദന ഉപഗ്രഹം) റിമോട്ട് സെൻസിംഗ് സാറ്റലൈറ്റ് ഐ.ആർ.എസ് – 1A
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ കമ്മ്യൂണിക്കേഷൻ ഉപഗ്രഹം ആപ്പിൾ (1981 ജൂൺ 19 )
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ ക്യത്രിമ ഉപപ്രഹം ആര്യഭട്ട (1975 ഏപ്രിൽ 19 )
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ ഗതിനിർണ്ണയ ഉപഗ്രഹം IRNSS
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ ചന്ദ്ര ഉപഗ്രഹം ചന്ദ്രയാൻ-1
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ ചൊവ്വാ പര്യവേഷണ ഉപഗ്രഹം മംഗളയാൻ
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ നാനോ ഉപഗ്രഹം ജുഗ്നു
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ ഭൗമ നിരീക്ഷണ ഉപഗ്രഹം  ഭാസ്കര ( 1979 ജൂൺ 7 )
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ വിവിധോദ്ദേശ ഉപഗ്രഹം ഇൻസാറ്റ് -1B
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ സാറ്റലൈറ്റ് ലോഞ്ച് വെഹിക്കിൾ എസ്.എൽ.വി- 3
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യത്തെ കാലാവസ്ഥ നിരീക്ഷണ ഉപഗ്രഹം മെറ്റ്സാറ്റ് (കല്പന – 1)
  • ഇന്ത്യയുടെ പ്രഥമ വിദ്യാഭ്യാസ ഉപഗ്രഹം എഡ്യൂസാറ്റ്
  • പൂർണമായും ഇന്ത്യയിൽ നിർമ്മിച്ച ആദ്യ യാത്രാ വിമാനം സരസ്
  • ഭൂപട ചിത്രികരണത്തിനുള്ള ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ ഉപഗ്രഹം കാർട്ടോസാറ്റ്
  • സമുദ്ര പഠനങ്ങൾക്കു വേണ്ടിയുള്ള ഇന്ത്യയുടെ ആദ്യ ഉപഗ്രഹം ഓഷ്യൻ സാറ്റ് -1
Click here to search study notes. Click here to view all Kerala PSC Study notes. Click here to read PSC Question Bank by Category wise. Click here to Test your knowledge by atteneding Quiz.

Places and Another name


അപരനാമങ്ങൾ Following list contains places and another names.

അറബിക്കടലിന്റെ റാണി - കൊച്ചി.
കാവ്യസന്ദേശങ്ങൾ പാടിയ നാട്‌ - കൊല്ലം.
കേര ഗ്രാമം - കുമ്പളങ്ങി.
കേരളത്തിന്റെ ചിറാപുഞ്ചി - ലക്കിടി.
കേരളത്തിന്റെ നെയ്ത്തുപാടം - ബാലരാമപുരം.
കേരളത്തിന്റെ മക്ക - പൊന്നാനി .
കേരളത്തിന്റെ മൈസൂർ - മറയൂർ.
കേരളത്തിന്റെ വിനോദസഞ്ചാര തലസ്താനം - കൊച്ചി.
കേരളത്തിന്റെ വൃന്ദാവനം - മലമ്പുഴ.


Agriculture Season In India


Agriculture Season In India (ഇന്ത്യയിലെ കൃഷി സീസൺ) .

ഇന്ത്യയിൽ 3 തരത്തിലുള്ള കൃഷി സീസൺ ഉണ്ട്.

1.ഖാരിഫ് .

ജൂൺ-ജൂലൈയിൽ തുടങ്ങി സെപ്തം.- ഒക്ടോബറിൽ വിളവെടുകുന്നു.

മഴക്കാല കൃഷി.

ഉദാ: നെല്ല്, ചോളം, പരുത്തി, ജോവർ,.

ബജ്റ, റാഗി, ചണം.

2. റാബി .

ഒക്ടോ- ഡിസംബറിൽ തുടങ്ങി എപ്രിൽ-മെയ്യിൽ വിളവെടുകുന്നു.

മഞ്ഞുകാല കൃഷി.

ഉദാ: ഗോതമ്പ്, ബാർലി, കടുക...


BHIM (Bharat Interface for Money)


BHIM (Bharat Interface for Money) is a Mobile App developed by NPCI (National Payments Corporation of India) based on the Unified Payment Interface (UPI). This UPI app supports all Indian banks which use that platform, which is built over the Immediate Payment Service infrastructure. It allows the user to instantly transfer money between the bank accounts. .

It can transfer fund to any bank account. Transfer money anytime, even on holidays or night. You can transfer fund to a virtual payment address and bank account number. You can also check bank balance of the account. With the help of this BHIM app, you can transfer money to a person only using his mobile number. It makes the money transfer very easy. In a day, a maximum transaction should not exceed Rs 10000.

At present, there is no charge for the transaction from ₹1 to ₹1 Lakh. Indian banks have proposed transaction charges on UPI transaction...